Personal pronouns can be used instead of a noun to indicate who or what is involved in an action.
The personal pronouns in Russian are in the nominative case:
ты ‘you’ (informal, singular)
вы ‘you’ (formal singular and/or plural)
The pronouns decline as follows:
- он and оно decline the same way
- мы and вы have the same endings
- the accusative/genitive form of он/оно, его, is pronounced ‘yevo’ (the ‘г’ is pronounced as a ‘v’)
- If он/оно/она/они are used in the accusative, genitive, dative, instrumental or prepositional, add an н to the front of the pronoun, e.g. Я играю в теннис с ним. I play tennis with him.
(The prepositional case always involves a preposition, so the pronouns in the prepositional case of он/оно/она/они all begin with the letter н.
- Phrases including … and I (e.g. you and I) start with мы in Russian,
e.g. мы с вами you and I (lit. we with you)
мы с ней she and I (lit. we with her)
- о changes to обо and с changes to со when the noun or pronoun afterwards begins with two or more consonants, e.g. обо мне about me, со мной with me
- In Russian, it is preferable to use the personal pronoun (as opposed to the possessive adjective) when talking about parts of the body,
e.g. У меня болит голова. My head aches.
- The personal pronoun can be used instead of the possessive adjective when talking about place,
e.g. У меня в комнате In my room